The Effect of the Incretin Hormones on the Endocrine Pancreatic Function During Hyperglycemia in End-stage Renal Disease
Patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) have a high prevalence of impaired glucose metabolism. The pathophysiological cause is uncertain, but disturbances in the secretion, elimination and effect of glucagon, insulin and the two incretin hormones glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) and glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP), probably play important roles. Our research group has previously found that dialysis patients without type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) have a reduced incretin effect and an inability to suppress glucagon after a meal - two early pathophysiological characteristics of patients with T2DM and normal kidney function.
The aim of the project is to provide a detailed description of the mechanisms underlying the (patho)physiological effects of the incretin hormones in patients with ESRD. We plan to investigate the above mentioned disturbances during fasting and hyperglycaemic conditions using incretin infusions during glucose clamping. Furthermore, stable isotopic tracers will be used to determine the effect of the incretin hormones on the endogenous glucose handling.
We hypothesise that the effects of the incretin hormones in ESRD will be reduced in respect to healthy control subjects.
|Study start date||2014-08-29|