Shared Medical Appointments to Improve Outcomes in Adolescents With Type 1 Diabetes
Adolescents and emerging adults with type 1 diabetes (T1D) experience significant struggles with their diabetes management resulting in worsening diabetes health and increased complications. This population's declining well-being occurs during a time when they should be at their healthiest and enjoying multiple exciting life transitions. Their worsening diabetes management is complicated by the fact they are also learning how to become more independent from their family in preparation for eventually leaving home. Furthermore, the number of people under 20 years of age diagnosed with T1D has increased dramatically over the past 10 years giving rise to increased concern about providing care to this population.
The Team Clinic Intervention is an innovative clinical care approach to address the medical and developmental needs of adolescents with T1D and their families. A group medical appointment format will be used for routine diabetes clinic visits in middle school and high school adolescents with T1D. Parents of these patients will be participating in their own group during these clinic visits. The Team Clinic model incorporates developmentally tailored peer support and novel learning tools, (e.g. games, physical activity, and/or interaction through Internet resources, e.g. blogs, forums) into theshared medical appointment design.
The goal of Team Clinic Intervention is to improve medical and psychological outcomes in adolescents with T1D and their parents. The study will investigate, in a randomized controlled trial, the efficacy of a novel clinical care model that addresses the unique developmental strengths and weaknesses of the T1D adolescent population. The Team Clinic format streamlines clinical care delivery to this often-challenging patient population without placing additional burden on youth, families, or clinics because the intervention will be completed during routine diabetes care visits. Moreover, the Team Clinic approach maximizes the benefits of peer support by delivering care in a group format to address the sense of isolation that teens and families coping with chronic illness often feel.
If successful, the Team Clinic Intervention will not only positively impact adolescents with T1D and their families, but it could be used as a model of care for other adolescents with chronic medical conditions struggling to remain involved and invested in their medical care. Team Clinics may be one approach to successfully engaging adolescents in their diabetes care prior to their transition away from home, which will help them remain invested and active in their medical care through adolescence and young adulthood.
Study Type: Interventional
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Health Services Research
Estimated Enrollment: 320
Study Start Date: July 2015
Estimated Study Completion Date: April 2018
Estimated Primary Completion Date: April 2018 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Experimental: Team Clinic Intervention
Middle School and High School Team Clinic Intervention
No Intervention: Standard Clinical Care - Control
Standard Clinical Care - Control
|Study start date||2015-07-01|