Prostate Cancer Genomic Heterogeneity (PROGENY)
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Last updated:15th Dec 2013
The purpose of this study is to carry out very detailed genetic testing on prostate cancer cells. The reason to do this is because researchers do not fully understand - How prostate cancer develops - Why some cancer cells spread and others do not - Why some cancer cells respond to treatment and others do not Researchers and doctors know that 1 in 3 of the male population over the age of 50 has cancer cells in their prostate. However, most of these men will never know they have it and it will not affect their quality of life or their life expectancy. However, some cancers can be aggressive. These are more likely to spread outside of the prostate and cause problems. Doctors do not have an accurate way to tell the difference between aggressive cancer and those which will not cause any problems. Even within one prostate some tumours are aggressive and others do not cause a problem during the lifetime of a patient. In fact, even within one tumour, different cells may behave differently. In other words, one part of the tumour may be aggressive and spread, whilst another part of the same tumour does not. This project will try to find out more about what makes different tumours and different parts of the same tumour aggressive or harmless. It is important to find out what makes some cancer cells spread and others stay where they are. For the investigators to do this they need to collect fresh samples of cancer tissue from the prostate and from different areas of a tumour within the prostate. This is because biopsies used to diagnose or exclude cancer by the hospital laboratory are not good enough to give investigators detailed genetic information. These biopsies have been put into a chemical called formalin which reduces the quality of the genetic information. Investigators are therefore asking patients who are undergoing prostate biopsies as part of their normal care to allow them to take additional biopsies for the purpose of this study. This may be the first time patients are having biopsies. Or, patients may be having biopsies after treatment that has been given for the cancer and the doctors are concerned the treatment is not working.
|Study start date||2013-12-15|