Non Invasive Prenatal Diagnosis of Trisomy 21 by Genetic Analysis of Circulating Fetal Cells (ISETTRI21)
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Last updated:8th Nov 2012
The objective of this project is to develop a non-invasive prenatal diagnostic test for trisomy 21 which is reliable, sensitive and cost-effective, and thus, offers an alternative to the currently employed invasive diagnostic tests amniocentesis and chorionic villus sampling. Current prenatal screening methods (blood markers and ultrasound) for trisomy 21 (Down syndrome) detect about 90 % of cases and have a false positive rate of > 90 %. The results of these tests are expressed in risks for trisomy 21, the threshold being in France at 1/250. Women exhibiting a higher risk are offered to undergo invasive diagnostic testing, either by amniocentesis or chorionic villus sampling. However, these invasive diagnostic methods are associated with a considerable risk of miscarriage (1-3 %), and thus underline the importance to develop a safe and non-invasive prenatal diagnostic test for trisomy 21. The investigators have planned to assess the clinical impact of a non-invasive prenatal method to detect Trisomy 21 through genetic analysis of circulating trophoblastic cells.
|Study start date||2012-11-08|