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Magnetic Nanoparticle Thermoablation-Retention and Maintenance in the Prostate:A Phase 0 Study in Men (MAGNABLATE I)

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Last updated:6th Jan 2014
Men with early prostate cancer face a number of options which lie at the extremes of care. On one hand, active surveillance involves monitoring the disease and on the other, immediate treatment involves surgery or radiotherapy. The difference between these two strategies in terms of reducing the chance of a man dying from his disease is small. Not only is the benefit small, surgery or radiotherapy carry significant side-effects. These occur because of damage to surrounding tissue resulting in incontinence of urine (1 in 5), erectile dysfunction (1 in 2) and back-passage bleeding, diarrhoea or discomfort (1 in 10). The investigators have been working on new forms of treatment that use heat, light or cold to destroy tissue and minimise treatment-related harms. The investigators have not yet found one that delivers the ideal treatment. The ideal treatment is one that can be done under local anaesthetic, can effectively destroy areas of cancer, limit damage to surrounding tissues, is repeatable, and adaptable to future discoveries such as molecular targeting of cancer cells. The investigators think magnetic thermoablation may be able to deliver on these ideal attributes. Magnetic thermoablation involves injecting magnetic iron nanoparticles directly into the cancer. When a magnetic field is applied close to them, these nanoparticles heat up to very high temperatures that kill cells. Magnetic thermoablation does not use x-rays or surgical incisions. The investigators have done a lot of the preclinical work already to develop this type of treatment. The investigators now need to develop a system that can be used to treat prostate cancer. However, before the investigators can do this, they need to test whether the magnetic nanoparticles actually stay where they are injected. The consequences of them moving to areas that they should not can be serious. First, the nanoparticles could move away from the cancer which means the cancer will not be heated effectively. Second, the nanoparticles could move to sensitive structures around the prostate (back-passage, bladder, sphincter muscle controlling urine flow, nerves controlling erections). If this happens, damage of those sensitive structures could occur leading to side-effects. The investigators propose a study to try and find out what happens to those nanoparticles. The study will involve approaching men who are having their prostates removed by radical surgery. If these patients agree to participate, the investigators will inject their prostate with varying amounts of nanoparticles. The investigators will NOT heat them up. The investigators will use special scans and, once they have had their surgery, to look at the pathology specimens to see where the nanoparticles have gone. The actual nanoparticles are not harmful but the process of injection can carry a small amount of harm. If the nanoparticles stay where they are injected, the investigators will then be able to run another study in which we treat men who have prostate cancer with magnetic thermoablation.
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Study start date 2014-01-06

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