Improving Dexterous Skills in Parkinson's Disease
Background and aim: Patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) exhibit disturbed manual dexterity. This impairment leads to difficulties in activities of daily living (ADL) such as buttoning a T-shirt or hand-writing. The aim of the present research project is to investigate the effectiveness of a high intensity home based exercise intervention focusing on fine motor skills, in patients with PD.
Design: A single blinded randomized controlled trial (RCT) will be performed. Randomization will be done by an independent biostatistician who will use a computerized randomization protocol. A baseline assessment and a follow-up measurement 4 weeks immediately after intervention (end of rehabilitation) will be performed. A follow-up measurement, 12 weeks later, will be done to assess long-lasting effects. Assessments will be performed by investigators who are blinded for the intervention.
Participants: Sixty out-patients with PD will be recruited who report specific difficulties in manual dexterity when executing ADL. Intervention: The patients will be allocated to either an intervention group (n = 30) or control group (n = 30). In the intervention group PD patients will exercise, over a period of four weeks, once/day during 30 minutes a treatment with specific exercises for dexterity. The PD patients, who will be allocated to the control group, will exercise Theraband exercises.
Outcome measures: The primary outcome measures for manual dexterity will be the Nine Hole Peg test. Secondary outcome measures will be the Coin Rotation task, a sensitive screening for dexterity. Furthermore for ADL a modified version of the subscale II of the Movement Disorders Society unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale (MDS-UPDRS) will be used. Parkinsonian symptoms will be assessed by the MDS-UPDRS subscale III. To assess improvements in quality of life a modified version of the Parkinson's Disease Questionnaire (PDQ-39) will be used.
|Study start date||2014-11-17|