This site is intended for healthcare professionals
Clinical trials
  • Home
  • /
  • Clinical trials
  • /
  • Uncategorised Disease
  • /
  • HDR Brachytherapy vs. LDR Brachytherapy Monotherap...
Clinical trial

HDR Brachytherapy vs. LDR Brachytherapy Monotherapy in Localized Prostate Cancer (HDRvsLDR)

Read time: 2 mins
Last updated:1st Oct 2015

High-dose rate brachytherapy (HDRB) used as monotherapy is emerging as an alternative to Low-Dose Rate brachytherapy (LDRB) with excellent PSA-progression free survival as high as 90-100% for favorable prostate cancer at a median follow-up of 3-5 years.

HDRB has many advantages over LDRB such as prospective dosimetry not impacted by setup errors, organ motion and prostate swelling during treatment delivery. In addition, HDRB causes less acute and late urinary toxicity compared with LDRB. Acute urinary retention can lead to prolonged catheterization, pericatheter urine leakage, urinary tract infection and Trans-Urethral Resection of the Prostate resulting in diminished quality of life (QOL) and increased psychological distress.

The goal of the investigators' phase II randomized study is to evaluate the differences in QOL in the urinary domain between patients with favourable intermediate risk or extensive low-risk prostate cancer treated with LDRB and HDRB at 3 months using the Expanded Prostate Cancer Index Composite (EPIC) QOL scores. The 3 months cut-off endpoint has been chosen since HDRB-induced urinary toxicity subsides at 12 weeks compared to 12 months with LDRB. Secondary objectives include: bowel and sexual domain EPIC scores and International Prostate Symptom Score. The absolute PSA nadir and a prostate biopsy at 36 months will be reported to assess local control.

Study Type: Interventional
Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase II Randomized Trial Evaluating Acute and Late Toxicity of High-Dose Rate Brachytherapy and Low-Dose Rate Brachytherapy as Monotherapy in Localized Prostate Cancer
Estimated Enrollment: 30
Study Start Date: October 2015
Estimated Study Completion Date: October 2020
Estimated Primary Completion Date: October 2017 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

- Active Comparator:
Permanent Iodine-125 seed implant
- Experimental: High-dose-Rate Prostate brachytherapy

Category Value
Study start date 2015-10-01

View full details