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Clinical trial

Effects of Hemodynamic Monitoring Using the ImaCor Single Use Transesophageal Echocardiography Probe in Critically Ill Patients (ImaCor II)

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Last updated:21st Jan 2014

Hemodynamic management of critically ill patients is a constant challenge in the intensive care unit (ICU). Commonly used monitoring parameters to guide hemodynamic management generally consist of measurements of pressures (systemic and pulmonary artery pressures, cardiac filling pressures) and flow (cardiac output measurements using a thermodilution method). However, cardiac filling pressures and flow data have known limitations and might not accurately represent cardiac preload and contractility. Hemodynamic management of critically ill patients based on these parameters might therefore not be optimal and delay stabilisation of the patient, leading to negative outcomes and increased use of resources.

Visualization of the heart using echocardiography offers the advantage of direct measurement of cardiac volumes and systolic function. Echocardiography has been established as a tool to evaluate the causes of hemodynamic instability in ICU patients by the visualization of cardiac chambers, valves and pericardium and cardiac functional abnormalities. A repeated echocardiographic assessment could potentially provide useful additional information resulting in more rapid resolution of hemodynamic instability. Using conventional TTE and TEE, however, limits the feasibility of such an approach due to a lack of time and availability of appropriately trained staff.

In recently published studies the feasibility of hemodynamic monitoring and safety of hTEE was demonstrated. In the context of a prospective quality review assessment, the investigators showed that the echocardiographic examinations using hTEE were of sufficient quality in a majority of examined ICU patients and that the inter-rater reliability between the intensivists and a trained cardiologist was substantial. However, as of yet studies assessing the impact of hemodynamic monitoring by hTEE on relevant patient outcomes are not available. Given the associated costs for the hTEE device and the ultrasound probes and the additional resource requirements for training and application, the efficacy and efficiency of hTEE monitoring in comparison to standard monitoring should be established.

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Study start date 2014-01-21

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