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Clinical trial

Catheter Ablation Compared With Pharmacological Therapy for Atrial Fibrillation (CAPTAF Trial)

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Last updated:12th Nov 2014

The objective is to compare the efficacy of 2 treatment strategies, catheter ablation of atrial fibrillation versus optimized pharmacological therapy, in patients with symptomatic atrial fibrillation.

It is a randomized, prospective, controlled, open-label multicentre, parallel-group study including 116 patients. Inclusion criteria are patients aged 30-70 years with symptoms related to atrial fibrillation and who have failed or been intolerant to at least one anti-arrhythmic drug, with at least one atrial fibrillation episode documented on ECG during the previous 12 months and at least one symptomatic episode during the previous 2 months or at least 2 symptomatic episodes of persistent AF in the previous 12 months.

Main exclusion criteria are patients who have tested 2 or more anti-arrhythmic drugs for rhythm control, uncontrolled hypertension, valvular disease requiring anticoagulation, planned valve surgery within 2 years, contraindication to treatment with anticoagulants, heart failure, left atrial diameter > 60 mm, unstable angina or acute myocardial infarction within the last 3 months, cardiac revascularization procedure within the last 6 months, prior cardiac surgery or planned cardiac corrective surgery within 1 year, prior AF ablation procedure.

The primary endpoint is general health-related quality of life at 12 months follow-up. The main secondary endpoints are morbidity and mortality as composite outcome, cardiovascular hospitalization, symptoms, heart failure, left atrial and ventricular function and diameters, exercise capacity, health care economics, rhythm, atrial fibrillation burden, successful versus failed treatment, safety and "cross-overs" over time.

Patients will receive a cardiac monitor, implanted subcutaneously, which will monitor the heart rhythm during a two month "Run-in" period, for the definition of the basic atrial fibrillation burden. Patients will be randomly assigned to an antiarrhythmic drug (for rhythm or rate control) or to left atrial catheter ablation. Evaluation of outcome is at 12, 24, 36 and 48 months of follow-up, while health economy will be evaluated at 24 and 48 months of follow-up.. In case of documented disease progression or unacceptable toxicity, subjects will be switched to the alternative regimen. The main statistical analysis of the primary endpoint will be based on the intention-to-treat population. The trial duration is 48 months.

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Study start date 2014-11-12

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