Alzheimer's Disease, Art and Garden (JAZ ART)
Gardens and art represent public spaces and support venues of interactions and emotions, seeking not only a variety of conversational themes but also various cognitive skills such as mnemonic skills. The cognitive and psycho-behavioral effects of art and the garden, jointly associated and made available to patients suffering from Alzheimer's disease, need to be evaluated.
MAIN OBJECTIVE Delineate the psychological scaffolding virtues of art and garden on cognitive and emotional processes by means of interview analyses in Alzheimer patients and control subjects based on the " art, memory and life " garden.
SECONDARY OBJECTIVES Adapt eco-psychosocial approaches of care management to Alzheimer patients:
- create assessment methods of:
- the therapeutic efficacy of the design of the " art, memory and life " garden,
- the perception of an artistic dimension in the living environment of those with Alzheimer's disease,
- workshop applications using art and the garden for therapeutic purposes,
- general recommendations for the layout of the garden. PRIMARY ENDPOINT Quantitative data of discursive productions stemming from Interlocutory Logic (Trognon and Batt, 2007, 2010, 2011) for the analysis of interactive behaviors and the assessment of parameters including esthetic appraisals, well-being, mnemonic and emotional processes (frequency and nature of these processes) as well as spatio-temporal orientation.
- Scores obtained in standard neuropsychological tests, in particular to assess spatio-temporal orientation (Folstein MMSE),
- Scores obtained with the " MemoArtZ " tool (MAZ) to evaluate the memorization of artistic elements of the garden,
- Scores from the " General Esthetic Preference " (GEP) tool to evaluate the consistency of general esthetic appreciations,
- Score obtained with the specific mood assessment scale (CSDD) for subjects in group A,
- Score obtained with the specific assessment of emotional events scale (AES) for all subjects.
Open, monocentric, controlled (group of healthy control subjects) study.
Population: 2 groups:
Group A "Alzheimer group": patients with mild to severe stages of Alzheimer's disease: subgroup A1 "Alzheimer group hospitalized at the Paul Spillmann Centre (Centre Paul Spillmann, CPS)" (CHU de Nancy, France); subgroup A2 "Alzheimer group monitored at the Resource and Research Memory Centre (Centre Mémoire de Ressources et de Recherche, CMRR)" (CHU de Nancy, France) Group B "healthy control group": healthy volunteers
Therapeutic fallouts of this study will benefit Alzheimer patients in terms of better care management, notably: i) by determining the design, conception and layout of the gardens destined to these patients, ii) by developing the introduction of an artistic dimension to the design of such healing gardens and in their living environment, iii) by establishing workshop application perspectives using the contemplation of works of art and the garden for therapeutic purposes.
|Study start date||2014-07-22|