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A Prospective Study Evaluating the Feasibility and Ethical Perspective of Maastricht III Organ Procurement in French Intensive Care Unit Patients (MIII)

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Last updated:3rd Aug 2012
The Maastricht III procedure consists of performing organ donation in patients in whom cardiac arrest is consecutive to a decision to withdraw life support.This MIII procedure is not applied in France, in contrast with other industrialized countries.The proposed study is designed to evaluate the feasibility of adapting the MIII procedure in France by conducting a single-centre, prospective study. Within the population of patients admitted to the Nantes University Hospital Medical Intensive Care Unit for whom a clinical team meeting decides to withdraw life support, the investigators want to determine the delay elapsed between the life support withdrawing and the onset of spontaneous cardiac arrest, that is without any intentional procedure susceptible of precipitate the death onset. The cardiovascular state observed during this period and its duration determine the viability of the organs harvested. The invetigators also want to determine the incidence of refusal of organ donation that would be formulated by the family and/or loved ones if they had been asked to consent to an MIII procedure at the time of announcement of the clinical team's decision to withdraw life support.Anonymous data concerning the patient will be collected by using a predefined grid, completed partly by the medical team in charge of the patient and partly by a CRA from data in the patient's medical file.The study with families and/or loved ones will be conducted in the context of the CHU de NANTES Clinical Ethics Unit and according to this unit's methodology. The main working tool used by the Clinical Ethics Unit consists of interviews between its members and the various parties participating in elaboration of a decision (in this case, the virtual possibility of organ donation according to the MIII procedure).The purpose of this interview is to stimulate reflection on issues not previously considered, by introducing new elements and by using, as a tool, the principles of biomedical ethics developed by Beauchamps and Childress. This study should be able to determine which types of patients could be concerned by the Maastricht III procedure. The expected results should help to define the quantitative impact and feasibility of this procedure on organ donation and could be used to subsequently propose a larger-scale multicenter prospective study.
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Study start date 2012-08-03

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